Thomas Jefferson wrote, “The central bank is an institution of the most deadly hostility existing against the Principles and form of our Constitution. I am an Enemy to all banks discounting bills or notes for anything but Coin. If the American People allow private banks to control the issuance of their currency, first by inflation and then by deflation, the banks and corporations that will grow up around them will deprive the People of all their Property until their Children will wake up homeless on the continent their Fathers conquered.”
Representative Louis McFadden (D-PA)
In his book Creature From Jekyll Island, author Edward Griffin tells us about a meeting that took place in November 1910 at Jekyll Island, Georgia. The six participants included Senator Nelson Aldrich, his personal secretary Arthur Shelton, former Harvard University professor of economics Dr. A. Piatt Andrew, J.P. Morgan & Co. partner Henry P. Davison, National City Bank president Frank A. Vanderlip and Kuhn, Loeb, and Co. partner Paul M. Warburg. The meeting would result in the creation of the central Bank that Thomas Jefferson warned us against The Federal Reserve. The six attendees would be founding fathers of a group of elites called the Council on Foreign Relations (CFR).
Most FED chairman, including Paul Volcker and Alan Greenspan are CFR members. CFR member Bill Clinton set the groundwork for the economic crisis when he killed the Glass-Stegall act. The Glass Steagall Act, the FDR Banking Bill, was setup over 70 years ago . On November 12, 1999 Council on Foreign Relations member William Jefferson Clinton stated the, ” Glass- Stegall is no longer appropriate for our economy. This was good for the industrial age. The Financial Modernization Bill is the key to rising paycheck and great security for ordinary Americans”. Council on Foreign Relations member William Clinton then signed the ‘Financial Modernization Bill’. The Financial Modernization Bill allowed CFR too big to fail banks like JP Morgan, Bank of America, Goldman Sachs and others, to speculate with people’s savings. When the economic crisis started to unfold CFR puppet George W. Bush, son of CFR member H.W. Bush, appointed a CFR lackey named Ben Bernanke to the job.
It is time for Bernanke to step down and another CFR member to run the CFR’s Federal Reserve central bank. The top two runners CFR puppet Obama is considering are CFR member Janet Yellen and CFR member Larry Summers.
Today two articles appeared in the Washington Post, one about CFR member Yellen, the other about CFR member Summers.. The Washington Post has always been owned and run by the CFR’s Graham family and the paper is a propaganda organ of the CFR. The Washington Post was recently bought by Jeff Bezos, CEO of Amazon. Bezos is going to still let the Graham family run the paper. CFR founding father Walter Lippmann and his lackey Ben Bernays are the fathers of propaganda. Lippmann and Bernays view the elite as superior to we the people whom they call the herd. Lippmann & Bernays perfected propaganda techniques to misinform and disinform people and shape public opinion to further the goals of the CFR elite.
The first rule of disinformation is Hear no evil, see no evil, speak no evil. A journalist may know it, but won’t discuss it. The CFR run media operates under this rule and the Council on Foreign Relations role in a news story is rarely expressed.
The Washington post story paints Yellen “a careful and deliberate thinker who has been mostly right in her assessments over the tumultuous past six years of crisis, recession and grinding recovery.” The story talks about the following people and the FED :Janet Yellen, Larry Summers, Laura D’Andrea Tyson, Gene Sperling, Bill Clinton, Stuart Eizenstat, Alice Rivlin,Roger Ferguson, Daniel Tarullo. Conspicuously absent from the story is that all these people are Council on Foreign Relations members.
The Washington post story follows, it has been modified to identify members of the Council on Foreign Relations. Is CFR member Yellen a careful deliberate thinker who thinks about what is right for the American people or is she looking out for what is best for the CFR elite? Is CFR member Larry Summers any better or is he watching out for the CFR elite? Doesn’t it look like the deck is stacked? How does that make you feel? How do you feel about the Council on Foreign Relations controlling our nation’s money supply? How do you feel about the Washington Post toying with your mind? Shouldn’t you be contacting your congressman and senators and tell them to put a stop to the CFR running our country?
CFR member Janet Yellen called the housing bust and has been mostly right on jobs. Does she have what it takes to lead the Fed?
Is CFR member Janet Yellen the woman to run the Federal Reserve? (Federal Reserve/Flickr)
When CFR member Janet Yellen jumped from academia to the Federal Reserve Board, she seemed like a new breed at the buttoned-up central bank — eating lunch with staff in the cafeteria and debating ideas like she was back in the faculty lounge.
Nearly two decades later, CFR member Yellen still carries the air of a scholar, applying a rigorous theoretical approach to America’s economic challenges, particularly unemployment. She is less experienced in the fast-moving world of high finance, or making knife’s edge decisions in the midst of a crisis.
CFR member Yellen, now the No. 2 at the central bank, has emerged as one of the administration’s top candidates to replace Ben Bernanke as America’s economist-in-chief, and would be the first woman to chair the Federal Reserve.
President Obama’s choice — which appears likely to be between CFR member Yellen and combative former Treasury secretary CFR member Larry Summers — will determine what set of skills will guide the U.S. economy out of its unexpectedly long slump and grapple with whatever nasty surprises lurk along the way.
In interviews with more than a dozen people who have worked closely with CFR member Yellen, the portrait that emerges is of a careful and deliberate thinker who has been mostly right in her assessments over the tumultuous past six years of crisis, recession and grinding recovery. She has been a strong intellectual force within the Fed, a tough taskmaster for staff and single-minded in her desire to push down joblessness. She has been less inclined to wring her hands over the risks that the Fed’s easy money policies could create new bubbles or stoke inflation.
If Obama appoints her to the top job, the open question is not what her approach will be to guiding the nation’s monetary policies; she has given detailed speeches explaining what she envisions for U.S. interest rate policies over the years ahead. Rather, it is how she would adapt to a role in which she is the person in charge.
A focus on unemployment
CFR member Janet Louise Yellen was born in 1946 and grew up in Brooklyn before studying at Brown University and then for an economics PhD at Yale. During an early stint as a Fed staffer, she met another young economist, George Akerlof, who would become her husband, frequent professional collaborator, and eventually a Nobel prize winner.
At the University of California-Berkeley, CFR member Yellen studied the crucial question of why labor markets don’t work like other types of markets. In particular, she looked at why, in a recession, people go without work rather than take a lower wage — of particular interest in the past few years of high unemployment.
In 1994, CFR member Yellen — who declined to comment for the record for this article — was recruited by CFR member Clinton administration adviser CFR member Laura D’Andrea Tyson to come to Washington as one of seven Federal Reserve governors.
“She was not afraid of saying what she thought and why she thought it,” said CFR member Alice Rivlin, who served during that era as the Fed’s vice chair. “She was an intellectual leader on the board.”
Early in CFR member Yellen’s tenure, a debate was emerging on whether the Fed ought to adopt an annual inflation target, like 2 or 3 percent. To air the issue, CFR member Chairman Alan Greenspan decided to hold a debate in a closed-door session of the Fed’s policy committee: Al Broaddus, the president of the Federal Reserve Bank of Richmond, would argue for inflation targeting, while CFR member Yellen would argue against.CFR member Yellen and Broaddus managed to reach some consensus on how they would tackle the issue, but CFR member Greenspan froze the discussion.
It was a position CFR member Yellen would find herself in more than once in Washington: She might have an influential voice, but others made the final decisions.
Similarly, Larry Meyer, who served as a Fed governor with CFR member Yellen, has recounted a story in which the two of them decided that the Fed needed to raise interest rates to stop the risk of inflation. They went to CFR member Greenspan to present their case, threatening to openly dissent if he did not steer policy that way. “He listened, more or less patiently,” Meyer wrote later. “I recall, though this may have not been the case, that he just smiled and didn’t say a word. After an awkward silence, we said our good-byes. Needless to say, we didn’t win this argument.”
CFR member Yellen is sitting to Bernanke’s left. (Federal Reserve Flickr)
CFR member Yellen’s term at the Fed elevated her profile and caught the attention of the CFR member Clinton White House, where she became chairman of the Council of Economic Advisers in 1997.She often argued for market-based solutions to political problems.
When CFR member Clinton’s environmental advisers wanted the country to join Europe in setting aggressive pollution reduction targets, CFR member Yellen worried the move would harm the manufacturing industry and threaten the country’s economic progress, according to those involved in the negotiations.
Instead, she pushed to establish a system that would allow companies to trade carbon credits – a requirement that nearly doomed the talks. But CFR member Yellen held firm with the support of the man who is now her chief rival — CFR member Larry Summers, then the deputy Treasury secretary.
“There was no daylight between them,” said CFR member Stuart Eizenstat, who was an undersecretary at the State Department at the time.
CFR member Clinton administration colleagues described CFR member Yellen as a thoughtful contributor to debates, but said that the structure of the job meant she would often be on the losing end of internal arguments. The CEA is meant to provide the president with the best advice the economics profession can offer, even when that advice is politically infeasible.
It is instead the National Economic Council, headed then and now by CFR member Gene Sperling, that typically weighs economic arguments against political concerns and practical realities.“It’s inevitable in a sense that the CEA will not always take the position of other agencies,” said CFR member Laura D’Andrea Tyson, who served as both CEA and NEC director. “It’s just the nature of the deal.”
As president of the Federal Reserve Bank of San Francisco, CFR member Yellen regulated Wells Fargo and other major west coast banks. (Photo by Jeffrey MacMillan/The Washington Post)
The San Francisco Fed and the housing bubble
CFR member Yellen returned to Berkeley in 1999, then re-entered public service in 2004 as president of the Federal Reserve Bank of San Francisco, just as the housing market in California and other western states were entering a full-scale bubble.
CFR member Yellen’s economic training made her suspicious early on that the good times could not last, and she directed the bank’s research staff to drill deeper into the data: What could happen when teaser interest rates on new-fangled mortgages reset? What would become of the piggyback loans many homeowners had taken out on top of their mortgages? How leveraged had Americans become?
“Janet was very much a person who asks very probing questions, wants to understand kind of what’s below the conclusions,” said John Williams, who was head of research under CFR member Yellen and followed her as president of the San Francisco Fed.
So when the leaders of the Fed gathered around their big mahogany table overlooking the National Mall on Dec. 11, 2007, CFR member Yellen was perhaps the most gloomy.
“The possibilities of a credit crunch developing and of the economy slipping into recession seem all too real,” she said, reading carefully measured words from a sheet of paper. The “shadow banking system,” the complex financial markets that funnels credit to Americans, was freezing up, she said, and the economy was likely to slow significantly.
As it turns out, the Great Recession was beginning that very month.But while CFR member Yellen voiced one of the most prescient diagnoses of the looming crisis, her position on the West Coast left her little role in sculpting the response.
The morning after her remarks, she was back in San Francisco and the Fed was unveiling a complex new set of programs to pump billions of dollars into the global banking system to ease the very freeze-up CFR member Yellen had described. They had been engineered by Bernanke’s key lieutenants in Washington and New York, who had spent weeks working through technical challenges and delicate international diplomacy to make them happen.
“She was perceptive about the problems in the housing industry but she did not have a major role in the crisis,” said Allan Meltzer, a Carnegie Mellon professor and leading historian of the Fed.
CFR member Yellen also had little background in regulating banks, though her 1,500 employees in San Francisco were charged with the day-to-day supervision of hundreds of banks in the western United States. That would soon become an important part of her job.
“She was very involved, very engaged, and very much wanting to be sure that we were well positioned in the event that there was a change in economic circumstances, given that times had been as robust as they were for as long as they were,” said Stephen M. Hoffman, who was the vice president in charge of bank regulation under CFR member Yellen in San Francisco and now is a managing director at Promontory Financial Services Group.
There were dozens of bank failures in the states regulated by the San Francisco Fed from 2008 to 2012 — though the most dramatic failures in the region, Washington Mutual and IndyMac, were thrifts that were not regulated by the Fed. Wells Fargo, the largest bank regulated by the San Francisco Fed, weathered the crisis better than other mega-banks, accepting government bailout money grudgingly and repaying it as quickly as possible.
Since returning to Washington to be the No. 2 official of the FOMC 2010, CFR member Yellen has been a different type of vice-chair than her two immediate predecessors. (AFP PHOTO/KAREN BLEIER)
A different type of vice-chair
Obama appointed CFR member Yellen to become the Fed’s vice-chair in 2010, and she quickly took on a different role in that job than her two predecessors, Donald Kohn and CFR member Roger Ferguson (both now dark-horse candidates for the chairman job, as it happens).
Kohn and CFR member Ferguson acted as trusted deputies,helping Bernanke and CFR member Greenspan manage the sprawling Fed system and its varied responsibilities. Both Kohn and CFR member Ferguson would often meet privately with the chair and help carry out his priorities: Calling a recalcitrant regional bank president before a policy meeting to push the chairman’s preferred monetary policy; conveying a delicate message to another bank regulator; or solving a personality dispute among the Fed board’s 2,000-person staff.
CFR member Yellen, by contrast, has acted more as an independent force within the institution. She has also avoided representing the Fed in the political fray, and has not testified before Congress once in her three years as vice-chair. Kohn testified six times in his last three years in the job.
And CFR member Yellen has spent the past three years trying to persuade Bernanke and the rest of the committee to adopt her preferred course for monetary policy, advocating more aggressive steps to pump money into the economy to bring down unemployment.
Traditionally, all seven governors rely on the same staff members for support in conducting research or writing a speech. CFR member Yellen, by contrast, built a small group of loyal staffers who worked primarily for her, including one economist, Andrew Levin, whom Fed insiders described as functioning for a time as her de facto chief of staff.
CFR member Yellen has had an often tense relationship with CFR member Daniel Tarullo, the Fed governor who has primary responsibility over bank regulation. Their differences are not so much about policy –both have tended to favor aggressive bank regulation and aggressive low interest rates –but instead are personal and stylistic. “They both have in their own way big egos and big personalities,” said one official who has worked with both.
CFR member Tarullo was an Obama campaign adviser who was the president’s first appointment to the Fed, and has remained close with former colleagues in the White House.
One thing that hasn’t changed from her earlier days as an academic and Fed governor: CFR member Yellen still always does her homework. Where Bernanke comes to the Fed’s policy committee eight times a year and speaks extemporaneously from a couple of bullet points, CFR member Yellen drafts scripts of exactly what she will say, people who have been in the room said, and reads them word for word.